802.11 : What is 802.11 wireless protocol?

What is 802.11 protocol?


802.11 is a very common number which can be seen in networking devices manuals. Home and entrepreneurs hoping to purchase organizing gear confront a variety of decisions. Numerous items fit in with the 802.11a, 802.11b/g/n, and/or 802.11ac wireless measures all in all known as Wi-Fi technologies. (Bluetooth and different remote (yet not Wi-Fi) advancements likewise exist, each intended for particular systems administration applications.

This article portrays the Wi-Fi norms and related advances, looking into them to enable you to better comprehend the development of Wi-Fi innovation and make instructed organize arranging and gear purchasing choices.

802.11 is an arrangement of innovation gauges for wireless network devices. These norms are controlled by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers), and they fundamentally represent how unique wireless gadgets are composed and how they speak with each other.

In 1997, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) made the primary WLAN standard. They called it 802.11 after the name of the gathering framed to direct its improvement. 802.11 gives maximum network bandwidth utilization of 2 Mbps – too moderate for generally applications. Therefore, normal 802.11 wireless items are never again made.

What a, b, g, n and ac represent?


The letter after “802.11” demonstrates a correction to the first 802.11 standard. Wireless innovation for customers/the overall population has advanced from 802.11a to 802.11b to 802.11g to, generally recently, 802.11n. (Truly, alternate letters, “c” and “m,” for instance, additionally exist in the 802.11 range, yet they are just basically important to IT designs or other specific gatherings of individuals.)

Without getting into more point by point distinctions between 802.11a, b, g, and n systems, we can simply sum up that each new form of 802.11 offers enhanced wireless system execution, contrasted with earlier forms, as far as:

Information rate: Most extreme information exchange speed (i.e., how quick data can go over the wireless system)

Range: The separation the wireless signs can reach or how wide a zone the wireless signs cover (i.e., how far you can be from the wireless flag source and still keep up a solid association)

802.11n (otherwise called “Wireless-N”), being the most recent wireless convention, offers the speediest greatest information rate today and preferred flag extends over the earlier advances. Indeed, showed speeds for 802.11n items have been 7 times speedier than 802.11g; at least 300 Mbps (megabits every second) in true use, 802.11n is the primary wireless convention to truly challenge wired 100 Mbps Ethernet setups.

Wireless-N items are likewise intended to perform better at more noteworthy separations, so a workstation can be 300 feet far from the wireless access point flag and still keep up that high information transmission speed. By differentiate, with the more seasoned conventions, your information speed and association have a tendency to be debilitated when you are that distant from the wireless access point.

Different Wireless standards:


IEEE developed the first 802.11 standard in July 1999, making the 802.11b specification. 802.11b backings data transfer capacity up to 11 Mbps, tantamount to traditional Ethernet.

802.11b utilizes the same unregulated radio signaling recurrence (2.4 GHz) as the first 802.11 standard. Sellers frequently lean toward utilizing these frequencies to bring down their generation costs. 802.11b apparatus can bring about interference from microwaves, cordless phones and different machines utilizing the same 2.4 GHz extend. In any case, by introducing 802.11b rigging a sensible separation from different machines, impedance can without much of a stretch be maintained a strategic distance from.

Advantage – Lowest cost, Signal extend is great and not effectively blocked

Disadvantage – Slowest most extreme speed, home machines may meddle on the unregulated recurrence band


While 802.11b was being developed, IEEE made a moment augmentation to the first 802.11 standard called 802.11a. Since 802.11b picked up in prevalence substantially speedier than completed 802.11a, a few people trust that 802.11a was made after 802.11b. Indeed, 802.11a was made in the meantime. Because of its higher cost, 802.11a is typically found on business systems though 802.11b better serves the home market.

802.11a backings data transfer capacity up to 54 Mbps and flags in a directed recurrence range around 5 GHz. This higher recurrence contrasted with 802.11b abbreviates the scope of 802.11a systems. The higher recurrence additionally implies 802.11a signs have more trouble entering dividers and different impediments.

Since 802.11a and 802.11b use diverse frequencies, the two advancements are contrary with each other. A few merchants offer hybrid 802.11a/b network outfit, however these items simply actualize the two standards next to each other (each associated gadgets must utilize either).

Advantage -Fast most extreme speed; directed frequencies keep flag obstruction from different gadgets.

Disadvantage -Highest cost; shorter range flag that is all the more effortlessly hindered.


In 2002 and 2003, WLAN items supporting a more up to date standard called 802.11g emerged available. 802.11g endeavors to join the best of both 802.11a and 802.11b. 802.11g backings transmission capacity up to 54 Mbps, and it utilizes the 2.4 GHz recurrence for more prominent range. 802.11g is in reverse good with 802.11b, implying that 802.11g access points will work with 802.11b wireless network adapters and the other way around.

Advantage – Fast most extreme speed, signal run is great and not effectively discouraged.

Disadvantage – Costs more than 802.11b, apparatuses may meddle on the unregulated signal recurrence.


802.11n (also once in a while known as “Wireless N”) was intended to enhance 802.11g in the measure of transfer speed bolstered by using numerous wireless signals and receiving wires (called MIMO technology) rather than one.

Industry standards bunches endorsed 802.11n out of 2009 with particulars accommodating up to 300 Mbps of organize transfer speed. 802.11n likewise offers to some degree better range over prior Wi-Fi standards because of its expanded signal force, and it is in reverse good with 802.11b/g adapt.

Advantage -Fastest greatest speed and best signal range; more impervious to signal obstruction from outside sources.

Disadvantage -Standard isn’t yet settled; costs more than 802.11g; the utilization of various signals may enormously meddle with close-by 802.11b/g based systems.


The most up to date age of Wi-Fi signaling in famous use, 802.11ac utilizes dual-band wireless technology, supporting concurrent associations on both the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz Wi-Fi groups. 802.11ac offers in reverse similarity to 802.11b/g/n and transfer speed evaluated up to 1300 Mbps on the 5 GHz band in addition to up to 450 Mbps on 2.4 GHz.

Must Read: Troubleshooting intermittent wi-fi connection

So for what reason isn’t everybody utilizing Wireless-N items?

It took seven years until the 802.11n convention was at long last sanctioned/standardized by the IEEE in September of 2009. Amid those seven years when the convention was all the while being worked out, numerous “pre-n” and “draft n” wireless items were presented, yet they had a tendency to not function admirably with alternate wireless conventions or even other pre-approved 802.11n items.

Would it be advisable to purchase a Wireless-N devices?

wifi router

Since 802.11n has been endorsed – and in light of the fact that wireless industry bunches like the Wi-Fi Alliance have been pushing for similarity in the vicinity of 802.11n and more established 802.11 items – the danger of purchasing gadgets that can’t speak with each other or with more established equipment has been incredibly reduced. The expanded execution advantages of 802.11n are certainly justified regardless of a look, however remember the accompanying provisos/tips when choosing whether to stay with the all the more broadly utilized 802.11g convention or put resources into 802.11n at this point:

System execution will be most noteworthy when each of the gadgets on the wireless system are utilizing the 802.11n innovation. On the other side, if a more seasoned gadget utilizing 802.11g or 802.11b associates with your 802.11n-based switch, the speed and information rate of all the gadgets on the system will diminish. One approach to get around this issue for your home wireless system is to get what’s known as a double band switch or access point. This will enable more seasoned gadgets to keep running more than one recurrence band (2.4 GHz) and more up to date 802.11n-based gadgets to utilize the other recurrence band (5 GHz).

Search for as of late made system gadgets, which will have a more noteworthy probability of adjusting to the sanctioned 802.11n standard. Certainly maintain a strategic distance from “pre-n” or “draft n” items. Additionally pay special mind to items that are certified by the Wi-Fi Alliance (they will have the Wi-Fi CERTIFIED logo on their bundling), as these items are tried for similarity and interoperability.

At last, remember that most open wireless hotspots and wireless systems by and large will probably be running 802.11g or even b. In spite of the fact that your more current 802.11n gadget is in reverse perfect with (i.e., can deal with) these systems, it’ll do as such at the slower g or b speed.

What About Bluetooth and the Rest?

Beside these above reason Wi-Fi standards, a few other related wireless system advancements exist. IEEE 802.11 working gathering standards like 802.11h and 802.11j are augmentations or branches of Wi-Fi innovation that each fill a particular need.

Bluetooth is an elective wireless system innovation that took after an alternate advancement way than the 802.11 family. Bluetooth underpins a short range (roughly 10 meters) and generally low transmission capacity (1-3 Mbps by and by) intended for low-control arrange gadgets like handhelds. The low assembling expense of Bluetooth equipment additionally advances to industry sellers. You can promptly discover Bluetooth in the systems administration of PDAs or mobile phones with PCs, however it is once in a while utilized for universally useful WLAN organizing because of the range and speed contemplation.

WiMax also was created independently from Wi-Fi. WiMax is intended for long-run organizing (spreading over miles or kilometers) instead of neighborhood organizing.

Arabindo Biswas

Arabindo is a owner of this website and a server admin by profession. He has deep interest in all technology topics whatsoever.

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